What is a Protected Designation of Origin (PDO)? Concept and requirements for obtaining it

When it comes to agricultural products and foodstuffs, there are many advantages that a designation of origin can offer them. However, these products must meet a series of requirements in order to obtain…

Read more
New guidelines for the examination of patent applications in the field of biotechnology in Brazil

On 1 December 2020, INPI/PR Normative Instruction No. 118/2020 was published in the Industrial Property Journal (RPI) and came into force, which establishes the new Guidelines for the Examination of Patent Applications in…

Read more
Nation Brands: The pioneering decision adopted by the Andean Community.

For some years now, there has been much and often talk of “nation branding”. A term which, as its name suggests, refers to the distinction and recognition of a specific country. But in…

Read more
Vulgarization of trademarks or how to lose distinctiveness through over-popularity

Kleenex®, Tipp-Ex®, Rimmel®, Velcro, bimbo® bread, aftersun®… We have all used many of these words at some time in our everyday language to refer to certain products in a generic way, but the…

Read more
Trademarks and the Internet: Cybersquatting and bad faith.

Nowadays, trademark owners and Internet users are faced with problems such as the misuse of domain names either to boost sales of counterfeit goods, to impersonate the identity of certain well-known trademarks or…

Read more
WIPO Files in Costa Rica: Second Stage

Last October 2020 we announced the launch of the WIPO FILES system for electronic applications for distinctive signs in Costa Rica. This tool, developed between the WIPO and the Intellectual Property Registry of…

Read more
PUMA, LEE OR LACOSTE’S COCODRILE: the concept of relevant public in Latin America from a jurisprudential perspective.

When we speak of the relevant public in trademark law, we refer to the consumer public at which the product in question is intended to be sold. The concept of relevant public is…

Read more
Art and brands: Is it possible to turn an artistic work into an intangible asset?

In our previous article we talked about the concept of copyright and its protection* which, as we already know, includes artistic and literary works, and even scientific works. But what happens if I…

Read more
Copyright in Europe and Latin America: Duration and Inheritance

Copyright is arguably the basis of Intellectual Property as a whole, defined by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) as all creations of the mind: inventions, literary and artistic works, as well as…

Read more