Ecuador grants its first Guaranteed Traditional Specialty

3月 2021

The cultural wealth of peoples has different forms of expression. Undoubtedly, one of them is their gastronomy. The Latin American peoples, having foreign influence since the time of the conquest, have a great variety of autochthonous agricultural products and others introduced especially from Europe that give rise to unique dishes.

When we talk about Guaranteed Traditional Specialties, known by its acronym ETG, we refer to the sign that informs about the specific characteristics of a certain agricultural or food product and that distinguish it from others in the same category. The differential characteristics according to the Ecuadorian regulations are due “to the use of raw materials, composition, elaboration or traditional production processes, not linked to a defined geographical area”[1]. The holder of the TSG can only be associations or groups of producers or manufacturers.

In Ecuador this figure is recently applied, incorporated by the Organic Code of the Social Economy of Knowledge, Creativity and Innovation (COESCCI), issued in December 2016; in contrast to what happens in European countries that have a long history of protecting TSGs. In the European Community, TSGs were initially regulated by Council Regulation (EEC) No. 2082/92, of July 14, 1992, on the certification of the specific characteristics of agricultural and food products, and later by Regulation (EU) No 1151/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of November 21, 2012 on the quality regimes of agricultural and food products, currently existing, a variety of products protected under the figure of Guaranteed Traditional Specialties, within which flagship products such as Serrano Ham, Napolitana Pizza, Traditional Cured Cod, Mozzarella, among others, stand out.

The famous bread rolls made with wheat flour are part of the identity of the people of Cayambe, tradition, culinary heritage and part of the Ecuadorian gastronomic heritage, the National Service of Intellectual Rights (SENADI), through resolution No. 001-2021-SENADI- DNPI-ETG, on February 18, 2021, granted the “BIZCOCHO DE CAYAMBE” protection as ETG.

The TSG as an intellectual property tool seeks to improve the conditions of its owner, giving added value to its products; as well as excluding third parties from unauthorized uses that may mislead the consumer.

Nadia Molina Camacho

[1] Art. 448 COESCCI